Situational Cues Trigger Risk Assessment, Fight, Flight, but not Freeze in Blanchard’s Threat Scenarios

Research Article

Dino Krupić & Bojana Dinić

Human Ethology Bulletin, Volume 32, No 2, 14-23,  published June 30, 2017

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One of the most frequently used self-report instruments of human defensive behaviors is Blanchards’ threat scenarios. The aim of this study is to reevaluate situational cues on defensive behavioral repertoire by the modified version of the instrument. Instead of the first choice response format, we implemented a five-point Likert type scale. This allowed the use of different statistical procedures to reevaluate the instrument. The instrument was administered to 1136 (40.85% males) participants from the general population of Croatia. Results revealed that the scenarios represent valid measures of the risk assessment, fight and flight, but not freezing responses. In addition, it was found that females tend to avoid, while males tend to confront the source of threat. The results are highly congruent with the findings in other cultures. We conclude that this instrument may represent a very useful tool in the research of human defensive behavioral repertoire, except for freeze reactions.

KeywordsThreat scenarios, fight, flight, freeze, risk assessment.


ISSN: 2224-4476